M&A in Malaysia: What you need to know about private limited company

Company Law

A private company limited by shares is a common legal entity encountered in M&A transactions, either as a seller, buyer or target.

Some of the key requirements governing a private limited company include:

1. The Companies Act 2016 (“CA”) requires a private limited company to have at least one director, one member and one company secretary.

2. A private limited company must have at least one resident director i.e. the director ordinarily resides in Malaysia by having a principal place of residence in Malaysia.

3. All directors must be natural persons and at least 18 years of age.

4. Save for a company having only one member, two members personally present at a general meeting or by proxy shall be a quorum unless a higher number is specified in the constitution (Section 328, CA).

In the case of a company with two members, a member may frustrate a general meeting by not personally present at the meeting or by proxy. There would be no quorum for the general meeting to proceed to business. In such instance, the majority shareholder has to be able to pass members’ resolution by way of written resolution (save for reserved matters as agreed between the two members and the matters set out in paragraph 6 below).

5. The main venue of a meeting of members must be in Malaysia and the chairperson must be present at that main venue of the meeting (Section 327, CA).

This may pose a problem for a company where all the members are non-residents. They may have to pass members’ resolutions by way of written resolutions instead (if not prohibited under the CA).

6. A resolution to remove a director or auditor before expiration of his term of office cannot be passed as a members’ written resolution and would require a physical general meeting instead (Section 297(2), CA).


This post appeared first on Linkedin on 2 March 2023.

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